Burke's Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage 1931 page: ix





AN event of especial interest which marks the present year is the birth of a second daughter to the Duke and Duchess of York. The infant Princess, born on the 21st of August, was christened on the 30th October in the private chapel at Buckingham Palace, and was given the names of Margaret Rose. Margaret is a name familiar in the history of Scottish Royalty, and it was considered appropriate for the first Princess in the direct line of succession to the British Throne born in Scotland for 300 years. Rose, the second name of the infant Princess, is the English National Emblem. As the result of an enquiry into the constitutional position, the Royal Princess has been officially declared fourth in the line of succession to the Throne. The succession to the Throne, therefore, is definitely established as follows: The Prince of Wales, the Duke of York, the Princess Elizabeth, the Princess Margaret Rose, the Duke of Gloucester, Prince George and Princess Mary.

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales has been promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral in His Majesty's Fleet. He has also been advanced to the rank of Lieutenant-General in the Army and Air-Marshal in the Royal Air Force. Although the Prince has not taken a personal part in the Air Service, as he did in the Navy and Army, his interest in aviation has for many years been keen.

The freedom of Edinburgh has been conferred on Princess Mary, Countess of Harewood. Her Royal Highness being the first Royal Lady to receive the honour. The Burgess roll already contained the names of the King, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of York, and the Duke of Gloucester.

On 23rd September, 1930, it was announced that two Royal Warrants had been issued, instituting a new decoration and medal award to officers and other ranks respectively of the Territorial Army and all other auxiliary forces throughout the Empire in which the service rendered is of a voluntary or part-time character. The new decoration and medal are styled "The Efficiency Decoration" and the "Efficiency Medal," descriptions of which, with the statutes are to be found on pages 2985-88. The statutes of the Albert Medal, The Edward Medal, The Special Constabulary and The Long Service Medal have been revised (see pages 2980-85).

There have been but few peerage creations during the present year. Ten peers have been created compared with twenty-six last year. The Right Hon. Noel Edward Noel-Buxton, Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries in 1924 and again in 1929-30, was created Lord Noel- Buxton ; the Right Hon. Sir Esme Howard, late Ambassador in Washington, received a peerage, taking the title of Lord Howard of Penrith; Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Hugh Trenchard, late Chief of the Air Staff, has also had a peerage conferred upon him; Sir Charles Cheers Wakefield, Lord Mayor of London 1915-16, a generous benefactor to all public causes, especially aviation, has been raised to the peerage as Lord Wakefield. The Right Hon. Hugh Pattison Macmillan was appointed a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary on the resignation of Lord Sumner, and a life peerage was conferred upon him.

Eight baronetcies have been created during the same period, a less number than usual, amongst them being Sir Gregory Foster, late Provost of University College, Sir Eustace Tennyson-d'Eyncourt, distinguished as Director of Naval Construction at the Admiralty, Mr. F. H. Royce, founder, director and chief engineer of Rolls Royce, Ltd., and Mr. Louis Bernhard Baron, son of late Mr. Bernhard Baron, so well known for his munificent gifts to charity.